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# what is topology in computer

Ring topology shares many of bus topology's disadvantages so its use is limited to networks that demand high throughput. Physical topology refers to the actual structure of the network. The configuration, or topology, of a network is key to determining its performance. The term topology in computer networking refers to the way in which a network is laid out physically. The following are the disadvantages of ring topology: It is relatively expensive to construct the ring topology. Among these are certain questions in geometry investigated by Leonhard Euler.His 1736 paper on the Seven Bridges of Königsberg is regarded as one of the first practical applications of topology. network topology: A network topology is the arrangement of a network, including its nodes and connecting lines. Computer Network Topology. There are two ways of defining network geometry: the physical topology and the logical (or signal) topology. Together, devices in a ring topology are referred to as a ring network.. Network topology is the way a network is arranged, including the physical or logical description of how links and nodes are set up to relate to each other. Each networked device is connected to two others, like points on a circle. The bus topology is an essential component of a LAN’s Ethernet connection, in which it serves as the central cable to which all of the network’s devices connect. A computer that is no longer connected to a computer is called a peripheral computer. Two or more devices connect to a link; two or more links form a topology. The network of tree topology can be easily expanded by creating new branches, so the use of this topology is more. The main advantages of this topology are better flexibility and scalability. 5) Mesh Topology. In a ring network, packets of data travel from one device to the next until they reach their destination. Topology, as a well-defined mathematical discipline, originates in the early part of the twentieth century, but some isolated results can be traced back several centuries. Similarly, in a computer network, a connected device can do communication from either side to reach another device or server in-ring topology. Tree network topology is the simplest topology in which only one route exists between any two nodes on the network. Network Topology is the structure and arrangement of components of a computer communication system. Out of all of the different topology types, the bus is the most frequently used of all. Computer Network Topology is a structure or layout which defines how devices such as the hub, switch, router, PC, or any nodes are connected to the network.Topologies can be physical or logical. Computers in one branch can transmit signals through one or more host computers to computers in other branches. They describe the physical and logical arrangement of the network nodes. Ring Topology: All network devices are connected sequentially to a backbone as in bus topology except that the backbone ends at the starting node, forming a ring. The topology of a network is the geometric representation of the relationship of all links and linking devices (usually called nodes) to one another. In mesh topology, each computer is connected to every other computer in point-to-point mode as shown in figure 5. Internet is the key technology in the present time and it depends upon the network topology. • Network topologies describe the ways in which the elements of a network are mapped. Computer Network Topologies Maninder Kaur professormaninder@gmail.com What is a Topology? Internet is the key technology in the present time and it depends upon the network topology. A ring topology is a network configuration where device connections create a circular data path. 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