What Massachusetts event involving an uprising of farmers in Massachusetts challenging the federal government's duties and monetary policy played a role in shaping the Constitutional Convention? In addition to his famous diaries and letters, major works include: We will use this information to improve the site. And during the civil rights movement in the 1960s, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. said in his famous address at the Lincoln Memorial, “When the architects of our republic wrote the magnificent words of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence, they were signing a promissory note to which every American was to fall heir. He structured the government based on two legislative houses which represented different social orders; the House of Representatives represented towns and the Senate, counties. This was confirmed and established in the Syllabus of the decision for Jacobson V. Massachusetts. Date. ... Who wrote much of the Constitution and is called the "Father of the Constitution… In 1915, the President of the American Historical Association stated, \"If I were called upon to select a single fact or enterprise which more nearly than any other single thing embraced the significance of the American Revolution . The Massachusetts Constitution contains three parts: a Preamble, Part the First: A Declaration of the Rights of the Inhabitants of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, and Part the Second: The Frame of Government. What Beard omits from his history is the wisdom and dedication of the Founders in overcoming narrow self-interest to produce a masterful guiding document for the country. The end of the institution, maintenance, and administration of government, is to secure the existence of the body politic, to protect it, and to furnish the individuals who compose it with the power of enjoying in safety and tranquility their natural rights, and the blessings of life: and whenever these great objects are not obtained, the people have a right to alter the government, and to take measures necessary for their safety, prosperity and happiness. These essays are no longer available online at http://oll.libertyfund.org/ToC/0077.php. . Your feedback will not receive a response. If you would like to continue helping us improve Mass.gov, join our user panel to test new features for the site. Because Adams's political life resulted in lengthy absences from his wife, they regularly communicated through letters. .". (Contrast this with the United States Constitution which sets forth a frame of government, to which the Bill of Rights was added two years later, after prolonged debate.) Captain Preston's trial was held first, from October 24-30, 1770. Description: This guide is the first of its kind, and presents the U.S. Constitution as never before, including a clause-by-clause analysis of the document, each amendment and relevant court case, and the documents that serve as the foundation of the Constitution. O no, there was no complaint of that kind, but they did not chuse to go to School with a Black Boy. As the evidence was, the verdict of the jury was exactly right. Adams, Legal Papers III (ed. Also in the spring of 1776, the Second Continental Congress, meeting in Philadelphia, responded to John Adams's insistence that if independence were to be declared, the colonies must establish legitimate and independent governments. In formulating his vision, Adams relied on his vast reading of enlightenment political theory (e.g., Locke's Two Treatises of Government and Montesquieu's The Spirit of the Laws) and his study of ancient and modern history (e.g., Ancient Athens and Sparta, Republican and Imperial Rome, English and European history), as well as his firm belief that history had presented him and the other colonists with an unmatched opportunity to form their own governments as free and independent states. Law Review 31-33 (1992); Adams's quotations in this section are found in his. Patriot-created propaganda included Revere's famous engraved print depicting British soldiers shooting into a crowd of unarmed colonists. In addition to championing the cause of women, Abigail also championed freedom for slaves. When the volatile crowd refused orders to disperse and threw objects at the soldiers, the soldiers shot into the crowd, killing five colonists, including Crispus Attucks. 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